Knowing about the trending languages is crucial for developers as it impacts how your app will turn out. Each year marks a sharp increase in users of smart gadgets.
That simultaneously raises the demand for apps on the leading platforms like Apple Store and Google Play, which is consequently boosting the need for mobile app development.
According to Statista, there are 6.4 billion people who are using smartphones today. That is almost eighty percent of the total world population! This points towards a large market you can capture by developing an exceptional mobile or web app.
As an app developer, it is critical that you’re aware of different languages so you know what is easy to code and debug.
Furthermore, it makes you determine which language takes the shortest time to fix., and which language is the most time-effective to manage. You can only answer such questions once you are well informed about the technicalities of each language.
If you’re a beginner in app development, you can start by reviewing the following parameters:
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Below are the best programming languages for app development in 2021. Reading about these programming languages can assist your decision-making procedure.
HTML5 is one of the languages most compatible with recent app development procedures. It helps improve the overall web browsing experience for the developers and end-users both.
The programming language uses tags for structuring and presenting information on web pages.
It’s best that you use HTML5 with its most recent updates. The newest version offers services including operative accessibility, media elements, and multi-platform functionality.
HTML5 offers CANVAS components. They are vital for embedding types of apps that involve animations, graphics, and online and offline games. You can also store your data for a short time on Web SQL databases too.
HTML5 even offers improved algorithms that protect your program from wrong HTML codes. Lastly, the language doesn’t require external plugins as it provides easy interactivities.
However, it still needs further improvising to assist old browsers which reduces its overall compatibility.
Also, HTML5 is irregular in delivering, and you must perform coding for every platform. Thus, you’ll require more time to develop your app using HTML5.
Python is one of the commonly accepted programming languages. You can use Python for several reasons – from machine learning and web app development to network serving. It also has impressive library assistance and comes with improved control options.
Python is a must-learn if you want your app to flourish in 2021. You can write programs in this language much more efficiently compared to other languages. You can share and use the language freely. Furthermore, if you want to code programs using fewer lines, Python is an optimal option.
You can learn Python and use it easily. Plus, it’s effective for software development and analyzing numeric and scientific data. The language even offers multi-system assistance. In addition, Python is a very engaging language. It has high scalability and even works for GUI apps too.
You may face certain limitations when it comes to data access. Also, the language requires a lot of time to execute your codes. In addition, you need ample memory space to use the language, and it’s not compatible with certain recent mobile app development languages. So, if you are developing games, Python isn’t the language for you.
You can use C++ for various tasks. It’s an excellent language, particularly for mobile application, game development, and GUI-based apps.
C++ is also ideal for banking applications and real-time math simulations.
C language dates back to 1972. However, C++ is an advanced version. It incorporates characteristics from numerous low-level and high-level programming languages.
You can learn C# and Java quickly once you learn C++. Also, C++ is quick and stable because it uses extensive built-in libraries.
C++ has high scalability. That means that regardless of how small or big your app is, it can operate smoothly using C++.
Lastly, if you use C++, your app automatically becomes compatible with the C language. That’s because all programs of C++ run on files with “.cpp” extensions perfectly fine.
However, the language doesn’t have any garbage collectors operating in the background. Also, C++ has a complicated syntax. That makes the language difficult for inexperienced app developers.
PHP is among the safest and the most trending languages for mobile applications. You can use it for coding apps and scripting command lines.
It is very flexible because of its easy embedding in HTML5. That is why you can use it for ecommerce apps and high-powered web apps. Yahoo and Facebook are some of the apps based on PHP.
PHP is a free-to-copy language that is independent of the platforms your app will use. You can also load content faster using PHP. Hence, your app’s loading time reduces, boosting its usability. The language also has manageable syntax and high stability.
On the other hand, your app becomes more vulnerable to bugs because PHP is open-sourced. Also, the language doesn’t suit the requirements of larger apps. PHP also has a below-satisfactory error handling compared to its alternatives.
Java is an efficient and well-reputed programming language.. Being versed in this language opens numerous doors to career progress.
You can use Java to produce strong backend servers and Android apps. In fact, it is often considered as one of the best languages for android apps. Using Java also helps you access numerous in-built libraries. Plus, the language even provides extraordinary community support and exemplary documentation services.
Java offers a lot of benefits to developers. To start, you can learn and use the language in a time-efficient way. Even debugging in Java takes minimal time. This language also assists multi-thread programming.
Java is also platform-independent with high versatility and flexibility. Overall, it even provides strong protection against vulnerabilities like data leakages.
Though, it has its restrictions too. For instance, your app might still catch bugs as you run Java in the virtual machine (JVM). Also, Java has an ineffective garbage collector. Hence, this makes implementation a little complicated.
If you are an app developer with high ambitions to make a name for yourself, learn Kotlin right away. It’s almost like the modern version of Java. If you want to develop next-level Android apps, Kotlin should be among your top priorities.
You can use Kotlin with Java too. Doing so ensures your app’s high efficiency and smooth performance. Plus, if you use Java, you’ll immediately get access to all of the Java libraries as well. Coursera and Uber are some of the successful examples of apps developed using Kotlin.
The language has high consistency and stability. Also, you can maintain Kotlin with less hassle. It’s because of Kotlin’s cohesive and precise codebase. Overall, Kotlin has effective tooling with sufficient community assistance.
Kotlin is a relatively new language. So, you may find limited learning material for it. Secondly, that’s also why currently it has a smaller user-base. Its compilation speed is also twice as slow as Java’s.
Swift is a charming candidate if you choose iOS development. Swift was introduced in 2014 by Apple Inc. The language is specially developed to be compatible with iOS, X, tvOS, and OS platforms.
You can access numerous contemporary features with Swift. It is adaptable, scalable, and offers secure coding. The client-friendly and compact syntax is an additional feature that makes Swift even more preferable by developers. LinkedIn and Lyft are developed using Swift.
Swift is a low-maintenance language that comes with speedy coding. Even executing your coding will take less time to complete. In addition, the language is very reliable. It offers less stress and more security to your app against bugs. That is what attracts developers towards learning and using this programming language in 2021.
Though, it’s relatively a newer language. Because of this, Swift still needs to be updated regularly. And hence, it isn’t quite as supportive in building heavier apps like other older languages.
Dart was launched in 2011 by Google. It’s a client-oriented language that uses a syntax similar to the C language. You can employ Dart for both server-side and client-side web developments.
If you know the C language already, learning and using Dart becomes much easier. You can share your code across mobile and web applications. Dart is also highly client-optimized and offers an assistive community. If you have any confusion using Dart, you can refer to its official manual where its features and functions are explained in detail.
This coding language is a fantastic alternative for building real-time applications. It also provides DartPad, which you can use without installing it separately.
Apart from the manual, you may find limited material to learn Dart online. That is primarily because Dart is still a new and not as commonly-used language as most other programming languages. Dart also doesn’t have native assistance, which becomes an issue if you require backend support.
There are around 700 programming languages used today. Of them, the best nine are discussed above. Now, it’s your job to analyze each language, use it to create an app, and then go for app monetization to earn from it. Start by learning their pros and cons, and select the ones that seem the most compatible with your app.
Capture most of your market audience by being strategic in choosing a language. Select the language that ensures your app’s agility and adaptability. Designing an app that keeps up with the ever-evolving technology and business requirements begins with the decision of choosing the correct programming language.
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